ASP.NET MVC vs ASP.NET Core MVC – Web Development

Hesam Seyed Mousavi, May 31, 2022


In the following article, we collected the most detailed information on the disputed framework. Learn more about the significant differences between ASP.NET MVC and other popular models. Get a better understanding of the main advantages the framework can provide, and more.

Source: erproject

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Content:

What is ASP.NET MVC?

ASP.NET MVC is a web solution development framework by the Microsoft Corporation, released back in 2009. It is an alternative to the Web Forms coding model for building web applications. 

The framework allows to rapidly build robust and scalable enterprise-class web applications, dynamic websites, interactive pages, and services. It supports HTML/JS, WML and XML, VB.NET, C#, J#, JScript.NET, and Microsoft Visual Studio. The framework inherited the best features of ASP.NET. Worth mentioning is the powerful server technology built on the basis of Common Language Runtime (CLR).

ASP.NET MVC does also provide the Model View Controller architecture, which is an advanced design pattern. It is usually used for user interface development. The Model View Controller (MVC) divides the web solution into three separate components – Model, View, and Controller. After that, the MVC architectural pattern defines the interactions between these components.

The framework was formerly a popular choice among software developers for programming web applications and services. Such apps are easy to build, debug and also deploy. Some of the biggest international companies have their heavy-trafficked websites written on this framework. These include Microsoft, Ikea, Volvo, Stack Overflow, etc.

Is the framework outdated?

ASP.NET MVC is no longer in active development. The last version update was in November 2018. Despite this, a lot of projects are using ASP.NET MVC for web solution development. As to JetBrains’ research, 42% of software developers were using the framework in 2020.

The most popular technologies in the C# ecosystem

Speaking about ASP.NET Core and ASP.NET Core MVC, more and more professionals are turning to the optimized version. According to Statista data, 31,5% of software developers were using this framework in 2021.

Most used libraries and frameworks among developers worldwide, as for 2021

What is the main difference between ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core?

ASP.NET Core is a completely free web framework released back in 2016 by the Microsoft Corporation. That is, this framework was brought to market 7 years after ASP.NET was launched. ASP.NET Core is an updated version of the outdated framework. Worth mentioning is that it is also cross-platform.

The new Microsoft framework is perfect for building web solutions, console or desktop applications, which can be deployed in any operating system. But there’s even more to the modern framework. It provides for smooth cloud development and deployment.

The core difference between ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core lies in the modern cross-platform approach. The new, updated framework can be used on Windows, Mac or Linux.

ASP.NET Core’s popularity is rapidly growing. In 2020, there were 1750 resources written on ASP.NET Core, according to BuiltWith’s statements. But that wasn’t the limit for ASP.NET Core. Just one year later, this number has reached 4200 websites.

ASP.NET Core usage for websites development, 2020-2022

ASP.NET MVC and ASP.NET Core MVC – quick overview

The MVC coding model is great for building web applications and APIs. It is also optimized to be used with ASP.NET Core. The frameworks used with the MVC programming model are open-source, lightweight, and highly testable. They utilize the latest web standards and support TDD-friendly development. 

Speaking about the significant differences between ASP.NET MVC and ASP.NET Core MVC, one should focus on ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core as two framework versions. As we mentioned before, the MVC programming model can be easily used with both, so it isn’t a major factor to consider.

Let’s have a look at the main features of the framework versions:

ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core comparison table. By Abto Software

In comparison, the updated framework version undoubtedly wins the competition. Especially if the product being developed is multi-platform.

Main advantages of using ASP.NET Core

Improved performance

The quality of the application’s performance is one of the main factors to consider when choosing a framework for web solution development. ASP.NET Core’ main advantage over ASP.NET is speed. 

According to Microsoft’s statements, ASP.NET Core can handle more than 7 million requests in one second. Jakarta Servlet (a Java server component) can handle only about 2.17 million requests in the same time period.

ASP.NET Core perfomance, compared to other frameworks.

Cross-platform support

When working on web application development, it is immensely important to make sure the designed solution is functioning equally stable on any popular platform. ASP.NET Core is cross-platform and allows built solutions to run smoothly on Windows, Linux, and Mac.

Easier maintenance

Adding to the previously mentioned advantage, less code means also easier maintenance. The code can be easily optimized when using ASP.NET Core.

Support of cloud-based web application development

Cloud-based web application development is the perfect approach for businesses ready to scale significantly. ASP.NET Core provides for great flexibility, accessibility across different devices, easier integration, and better data protection.

Minimal APIs

One of the most important improvements of the updated version is the support of minimal APIs. Minimal APIs are the perfect choice to be used with ASP.NET Core to include minimum files, core features and dependencies.

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);
// Add services to the container.
builder.Services.AddControllers();
builder.Services.AddEndpointsApiExplorer();
builder.Services.AddSwaggerGen();
var app = builder.Build();
if (app.Environment.IsDevelopment())
{
app.UseSwagger();
app.UseSwaggerUI();
}
app.UseHttpsRedirection();
app.UseAuthorization();
app.MapControllers();
app.Run();

view raw .NET 6 Minimal API.cs hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Razor Pages and Blazor

Razor Pages are new to the popular framework. This is a page-based coding model that helps creating better user interfaces. Razor Pages ease page application management as every single page has its own code. This is an approach, which provides for more organized development and, accordingly, simplified deployment.

@page
@using Example.Pages
@model IndexModel
<h2>Title here</h2>
<p>
@Model.Message
</p>

view raw Index.cshtml hosted with ❤ by GitHub

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.RazorPages;
using System;
namespace Example.Pages
{
public class IndexModel : PageModel
{
public string Message { get; private set; } = “Hello world.”;
public void OnGet()
{
Message += $”It is {DateTime.Now} now”;
}
}
}

view raw Index.cshtml.cs hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Blazor is a free open-source framework, which allows software developers to build interactive UI’s using C#, share server-side and client-side app logic written in ASP.NET Core, render UI’s as HTML and CSS, and deliver hybrid applications with .NET and Blazor. Blazor is built on a common language set and is very easy to use.

Dependency injection

Dependency injection is used to integrate the design into the built application. Thanks to ASP.NET Core, software developers can enjoy improved testability and extensibility.

Here’s the difference between ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core:

  • The first doesn’t contain a built-in DI container. That means the engineers have to plug in external ones (Autofac, Simple, Injector, Ninject).
  • The second does contain a built-in DI container. This eliminates the need to install external containers and makes the development much easier.
using DependencyInjectionSample.Interfaces;
using DependencyInjectionSample.Services;
var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);
builder.Services.AddScoped<IMyDependency1, MyDependency1>();
builder.Services.AddSingleton<IMyDependency2, MyDependency2>();
builder.Services.AddTransient<IMyDependency3, MyDependency3>();
var app = builder.Build();

view raw DI Container.cs hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Rapid Development

Rapid Development is perfect for projects with rather short deadlines (2-3 month). This approach allows to focus more on prototyping and development rather than on planning. Rapid Development provides flexibility and adaptability, reduces overall project risks, manual coding, and errors. Speaking about ASP.NET Core, it can be easily combined with this model.

Better portability

Increased portability means cost-efficiency. ASP.NET Core allows moving designed applications between servers and being completely independent. The platform that provides that portability is Docker. It should be enabled when creating a new ASP.NET Core web application.

Docker provides better portability for applications designed using ASP.NET Core

Better security

ASP.NET Core has several built-in features that allow to create highly secure web applications. This allows engineers maintaining HTTPS enforcement, XSRF/CSRF prevention, authentication, authorization, and great data protection. 

Support of JavaScript frameworks

ASP.NET Core offers convenient built-in templates of the most popular JavaScript Frameworks, including React and Angular. This makes the process of creating user interfaces, templating, modularization, API handling notably faster.

ASP.NET Core offers built-in project templates, including Angular.

Open-source environment

Open-source means software developers working with ASP.NET Core have access to repositories in GitHub. Community members can work on the technology’s improvement and modify it according to their own needs.

Hosting

A new web application built on the framework can be easily deployed to a hosting environment. To forward requests to the application, one must set up a reverse proxy server.

Scalability

Along with good performance, web applications built on this framework are scalable. That is, the API of the delivered app can deal with more harsh requests before it slows down.

Are there any downsides to consider?

There are CMS and eCommerce solutions that are non-Core based. That means some of the benefits of the updated framework aren’t accessible. 

For Mac-users, there is Visual Studio, also released by the Microsoft Corporation. But many other tools are still not cross-platform.

Final words

ASP.NET web application development enjoyed popularity because of great reliability and stability of the Microsoft technology. In 2016, the outdated framework version was replaced by the up-to-date technology ASP.NET Core, which offers multiple advantages. 

The new, updated framework provides for improved performance, hosting, scalability, and more. It supports cross-platform development and notably simplifies maintenance.  

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Would you like to get more detailed information about ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core development? Please feel free to contact us, and learn how you can cooperate with a technically savvy ASP.NET developer.